levitra dosage drug follow site kamagra oral jelly for men is there a generic levitra levitra 20mg price how to get cialis online viagra omeopatico priligy köp Winner: University of Greenwich
Cassava: Adding Value for Africa (C:AVA) is a complex, innovative agricultural development project led by the University of Greenwich and funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. It has transformed the livelihoods of 90,000 subsistence farmers across five African countries.
A starchy root vegetable, cassava is the staple food for 450 million poor people in sub-Saharan Africa, where its production, sale and marketing specifically benefit women. Cassava farmers could be helped out of poverty if they could find new markets but the roots are perishable and potentially poisonous, while traditionally-produced cassava flour is poor quality.
The C:AVA project has achieved two main things: developing a highly marketable product – high quality cassava flour – and nurturing a new industry to produce, process and use the flour.
Greenwich’s Natural Resources Institute (NRI) began researching cassava in the 1990s. Understanding the mechanisms by which cyanide is lost during processing led to safer flour. Further research examined potential markets and investigated which sustainable processing methods could produce flour of sufficient quality and quantity to supply them. C:AVA applied that research in Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi.
C:AVA was an international collaboration, implemented through a partnership of 400 organisations from the public, private and community sectors in Africa. NRI’s research showed that high quality cassava flour can partially substitute for imported wheat and corn used in food industries, and in the manufacture of paperboard and plywood. The need was to intervene at every stage of cassava’s value chain, from farmers and factories to consumers, to boost production, processing and end use.
In 2012-13 C:AVA processed 24,000 tonnes of high quality flour; increased the incomes of 90,000 farmers; and supported 300 village processing groups and 50 enterprises. C:AVA is exceptional for its scale, its success in transforming the cassava flour market, and its capacity-building at every level.
Runner up: University of Bath
The university has been leading research into the use of straw as a low-impact construction material. Through testing how straw bale buildings react to real weather conditions, their safety, their ability to load-bear and their fire resistance, the research has been able to demonstrate the viability of straw as a building material.
The straw panels developed through this research can reduce carbon emissions of a building by up to 90% compared to 1990 best practice requirements. Using straw in place of traditional masonry can save 30 tonnes of carbon per house – equivalent to 10-to-30 years of operational impact. Super-insulated, low-carbon straw built alternatives to traditional homes could bring an end to fuel poverty and reduce the impact on the environment.
In January this year, the university received certification for its straw bale construction materials, allowing the first straw homes to be sold on the open market.
Runner up: Cardiff University
This project translated research about family experience of catastrophic brain injury into a multimedia online support and training resource. The research underpinning the resource was conducted by professors Jenny Kitzinger (Cardiff University) and Celia Kitzinger (University of York) and was inspired by their own experience of having a relative with severe brain injuries following a car crash.
The resource, launched in September 2014, presented the research findings via 250 film clips of interviews with families and practitioners, alongside information about key issues and their legal and clinical context. It has been used by 2,000 unique visitors (making over 11,000 page hits). Family members who have used it describe it as “invaluable” and “liberating”.
This project filled a gap in knowledge about family experiences of having a relative in vegetative state, helping to inform changes in policy and practice and stimulating new conversations between the public, practitioners, and families.